2014 World Conference against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs
of the International Meeting
years have passed since the atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
In view of the 70th year of the
tragedies, we call from here, Hiroshima, to the governments of the nuclear
powers and all the other countries to immediately set about committed actions
to achieve a “world without nuclear weapons.”
We further appeal to the peoples of the world to build their movements
and public voices, powerful enough to press their respective governments to
work to reach this goal.
At present, the world still
sees more than 16,000 nuclear warheads.
In August 1945, Hiroshima
and Nagasaki were turned to a “hell” by only two bombs. By the end of the year, as many as 210,000 people
died. Those who barely survived have
later suffered from diseases, wounds in both mind and body, anxiety on their health
and many other unmeasurable agonies.
Testimonies of the Hibakusha are telling us that nuclear weapons, if
used, would cause catastrophic humanitarian consequences. There must never be another “hell” anywhere
weapons are posing a threat to the very survival of the humanity. A recent study shows that even if less than
one percent of the existing nuclear arsenal was used, it would cause a climate
change on a global scale, which may lead to a famine worldwide. While financial resources are badly needed to
address the problems of poverty, social welfare, health and education,
tremendous amount of resources are invested unreasonably in maintaining and
modernizing nuclear arsenals. The world
military expenditures have reached 1.7 trillion U.S. dollars.
handful of states exclusively keep hold on nuclear arsenals constitutes a
serious obstacle in the way to a world order based on equality, reciprocity and
peace. Using nuclear weapons as means for
gaining military or political supremacy goes counter to the principle of the U.N.
Charter to resolve conflicts by peaceful means, as well as to the agreements
and pledges to achieve a “world without nuclear weapons” which nuclear powers
themselves have accepted. The Republic
of the Marshall Islands filed lawsuits in the International Court of Justice
against the nuclear armed states for violations of their nuclear disarmament
weapons must be totally banned and eliminated without any further delay. We call on the governments, particularly of
the nuclear powers, to set about the abolition of nuclear weapons as their top
priority, starting negotiations on a nuclear weapons convention. The next NPT Review Conference, which will
coincide with the 70th year of the A-bombings, should be the best opportunity to
calling for a treaty to ban and eliminate nuclear weapons now represent the
major trend in the world development.
Every resolution that urges the start of negotiations on such a treaty
adopted at the UN General Assembly commands the support from two thirds or more
of the member states. Note that the
resolution titled “Follow-up to the 2013 high-level meeting of the General
Assembly on nuclear disarmament” proposing the immediate start of negotiations was
adopted with the support from 137 countries.
The 2010 NPT Review
Conference agreed by consensus, including the five nuclear weapon states, on
achieving a “world without nuclear weapons,” and further agreed on making
“special efforts to establish the necessary framework” to achieve it. This agreement needs to be seriously
addressed and implemented.
The treaty to
ban nuclear weapons is the focus of international politics. Yet nuclear powers are still clinging to the
“nuclear deterrence” doctrine, and are even opposing any serious discussions on
achieving the elimination of nuclear weapons.
deterrence” doctrine presupposes the actual use of nuclear weapons, including
first strike. This outrage in pursuit of
“national interests” by threatening catastrophic consequences should never be
condoned. Further, this doctrine induces
the development of nuclear weapons by other countries, and thus results in the
increase of the security threat to all countries. The “nuclear deterrence” policy increases a
danger of the outbreak of nuclear war, whether by accident or intention. We demand that the “nuclear deterrence”
doctrine should be abandoned once and for all.
Facing mounting criticisms,
the policy of the nuclear powers is becoming
getting to be less and less
consistent. The call of the Hibakusha
that the humans and nuclear weapons cannot coexist has affected the world
deeply. The 2010 NPT Review Conference
expressed “its deep concern at the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of
any use of nuclear weapons”.
The joint statement on
the “humanitarian dimension of nuclear disarmament,” which started in 2012,
signed by 16 governments and focusing on the atrocity of nuclear weapons and
pressing for a ban on the use and the elimination of nuclear weapons, came to a
point of having as many as 125 governments as signers at the UNGA session last
year. The Second Conference on the
Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons” (Nayarit, Mexico) in which 146
governments participated announced that “time has come to initiate a diplomatic
process conducive to this goal.”
The position to cling
to “nuclear deterrence” and to maintain these inhumane weapons has no moral
legitimacy, nor is it supported by any reason.
We must make this known thoroughly and widely, thus build a groundswell of
opinion demanding the start of negotiations for a treaty to ban nuclear
weapons. By so doing, we will open a
prospect for a “world without nuclear weapons”, overcoming resistance by
conflicts and confrontations by peaceful and diplomatic means is increasingly
important in realizing a world of peace without nuclear weapons. Increasing reliance on “deterrence”,
including the reinforcement of military bases and military alliance, will only aggravate
confrontation and tensions. We demand the
withdrawal of foreign military bases and oppose the reinforcement of military
alliances and Missile Defense programs.
in the East Asia, involving territorial land and water must be resolved by
peaceful and diplomatic means. ASEAN’s
effort to prevent conflicts from escalating into war through dialogue and
negotiations and to set the code of conducts demonstrates that a peaceful
settlement is possible.
The problem of North
Korea’s nuclear program must be settled peacefully by the resumption of the
Six-Party Talks for the denuclearization of Korean Peninsula, and based on past
agreements, including the joint declaration of 2005. We support the diplomatic solution of Iranian
nuclear issue. We call for convening of
an international conference on a Middle-East Zone free of nuclear and other
weapons of mass destruction as agreed by the NPT Review Conference, as well as
sincere efforts to that end by all parties concerned.
We call for an
immediate ceasefire in the Gaza War.
Israel must immediately end its attacks on the Gaza Strip. We call for a just solution to the Palestinian
question based on the U.N. resolutions concerned. We also call for an immediate ceasefire and
an end to all foreign military interventions in Ukraine. Its crisis can only be resolved by
negotiations, involving all the engaged parties, with respect for the sovereignty
and dignity of all Ukrainians.
A-bombed country having Article 9 in its constitution, Japan should take the
lead in achieving a peaceful world without nuclear weapons. However, under the Japan-U.S. military
alliance, it relies on the U.S. “nuclear umbrella” and is rapidly being
transformed into a country to wage wars abroad by exercising the notion of collective
self-defense in violation of its Constitution.
This would add to tension with its neighbors, undermine its
international credibility, and would consequently threaten peace and stability
in Northeast Asia, including Japan.
Against such moves of
the government, a broad range of Japanese people, especially young generation,
are rising in protest as seen in the rally of tens of thousands of people
surrounding Prime Minister’s official residence. This movement, which is making valuable
contribution to local and global peace by defending and giving full play to the
peace principle of the Constitution, is critically important.
We extend solidarity to and support the
people of Japan and Okinawa in their demand for reduction and dismantling of
U.S. military bases in Japan and in opposing the construction of a new U.S.
Marine base at Henoko. We support and
work in solidarity with the rehabilitation effort of the people affected by the
East Japan Great Earthquake and TEPCO’s Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant
accident, and the nationwide movement opposing the restart of operations of
nuclear power plants.
develop our movement in respective countries to press nuclear powers and all
other governments to realize a “nuclear weapon-free world”. Building on the grass-roots actions, let us
develop cooperation with international agencies, like-minded national and local
governments and other public organizations, and bring these activities together
to the international joint actions in New York in April 2015, where the NPT
Review Conference will take place, such as an international Abolition conference,
march and rally.
-- Let us
expand people’s support for the commencement of negotiations for a treaty to
ban nuclear weapons by promoting the international signature campaign for the
“Appeal for a Total Ban on Nuclear Weapons” and making known the aftermath of
Hiroshima and Nagasaki through A-bomb exhibitions and Hibakusha
testimonies. Making best use of diverse
cultural means and social media, we will develop a variety of actions from the
-- We will increase
cooperation with the U.N. and other international agencies, national and local
governments sharing the same goal with us, including the Mayors for Peace. Taking the opportunity of the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons
(September 26), the 69th Session of the U.N. General Assembly, and the 3rd International
Conference on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons (December 8-9, Vienna)
this year, let us develop international joint actions and rally public support
-- Let us
strengthen efforts to provide relief and extend solidarity with the Hibakusha,
and promote campaigns to support all nuclear victims, including those suffering
from nuclear tests and developments. We
support the victims of the Agent Orange/dioxin and depleted uranium shells and
other war victims. Let us develop
solidarity with the movement seeking zero nuclear power plants and a shift to
in hand with all the people seeking reduced military spending, improved life
and employment, better social welfare, freedom and democracy, defense of human
rights, protection of global environment, elimination of gender-based
discrimination and solution of social injustice, let us create a grand-scale
cooperation and solidarity among people to achieve a “nuclear weapon-free,
peaceful and just world.”
Let us make the year
2015, 70th anniversary of the A-bombing, a decisive opportunity to attain the
abolition of nuclear weapons.
August 4, 2014
International Meeting, 2014 World Conference against A and H Bombs