of August 6, 2012)
Ban Ki-moon, the United Nations
MESSAGE TO THE WORLD
CONFERENCE AGAINST ATOMIC AND HYDROGEN BOMBS
Nagasaki, 7 August 2013
I am pleased to send greetings to all participants at
the 2013 World Conference against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs, which is an
important part of the global disarmament movement.
By bringing together grass-roots activists, government
officials and a growing network of groups throughout the world, you are helping
to strengthen our common commitment to eliminate nuclear weapons. I applaud you for supporting this cause
through large public rallies and petitions that have garnered the support of
millions of citizens.
We are now witnessing a surge of new interest in
nuclear disarmament, based largely on an increasing awareness of the horrific
humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons. This was a key theme at the 2010 Review
Conference of the States Parties to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and at
subsequent international meetings.
Assembly will also focus on the issue at its High-Level Meeting on nuclear
disarmament on 26 September.
I thank all of you for contributing to this worldwide
momentum. I especially pay warm tribute
to the hibakusha who for over six
decades have spoken out about their experiences of having survived a nuclear
attack. These brave activists inspire me
to intensify my efforts to work for a world free of nuclear weapons. I am determined to pursue this goal until it
This is not only a conference against nuclear weapons;
it is a conference for a more peaceful, secure, prosperous and just world. Disarmament frees up resources to address major
global threats, including poverty, hunger and disease. As such, it can contribute to our efforts to reach
the Millennium Development Goals by 2015 and support the realization of a
sustainable future for all humankind.
I wish you great success in advancing our shared
struggle to rid the world of nuclear weapons.
from Her Excellency Dilma Rousseff, President of the Federal Republic of
Brazil, to the "2013 World Conference Against Atomic and Hydrogen
It gives me great honor to address the
"2013 World Conference against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs" and pay
homage to the thousands of Japanese women, men and children who were victims of
the nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Almost seven decades after the end of the
Second World War, the images of those bombings still haunt the conscience of
humanity. The unspeakable suffering of thousands of civilians and the physical
and psychological wounds that many still bear continue to remind us of the
horrific consequences of a nuclear detonation. Today, as we remember the
victims, we call on the international community to urgently recommit itself to
achieving a world free from nuclear weapons.
The Brazilian Government remains deeply
concerned about the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any possible use
of nuclear weapons. The Oslo Conference on the Humanitarian Consequences of
Nuclear Weapons (March 2013) underscored that no country or international
organization is prepared to respond to a nuclear detonation or to provide
adequate humanitarian assistance to the victims. The Conference also
highlighted the multiple and long-lasting impacts of a nuclear detonation on
the global economy, environment, human health and food security. Its
devastating effects would not be constrained by national borders and would
affect the lives of millions of people far beyond the target area.
The destructive capacity and uncontrollable
effects of a nuclear detonation also raise legal issues. In its 1996 Advisory
Opinion, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) expressed the view that the
use of nuclear weapons contravenes the provisions of International Humanitarian
Law, in particular the core principles of distinction, precaution and
proportionality, as well as the prohibition of causing unnecessary suffering
and widespread, severe and long-term damage to the environment.
Nuclear disarmament is not only an
international legal obligation. It is also a moral imperative.
In spite of the growing international
consensus regarding the illegitimacy of the use of nuclear weapons, an
estimated 20,000 nuclear devices still exist. This is mainly due to the
notorious resistance of nuclear-weapons States (NWS) to agree to multilaterally
negotiated commitments, in line with their obligations under the
Non-Proliferation Treaty (TNP), with a view to a gradual reduction and a
complete elimination of their nuclear arsenals, according to clear and binding
timelines and under an effective and transparent verification regime.
The only guarantee that nuclear weapons
will never be used, under any circumstances, is their complete elimination. As
long as they continue to exist, the world will never be completely free from
the risk of a nuclear detonation, be it intentional or accidental. It is the responsibility
of the international community to prevent, at all costs, the risk of
civilization being wiped off the face of the Earth. This is a commitment that
must be urgently defended.
The mere existence of nuclear arsenals
constitutes a destabilizing element of international peace and security. As
long as a limited group of countries consider themselves entitled to possess
nuclear weapons, there will be a risk that non-nuclear weapon States or
non-State actors may also want them. Moreover, the preservation and further
development of nuclear arsenals undermine disarmament and non-proliferation
efforts, and can also encourage an arms race of potentially devastating
In times of global financial and economic
challenges, the allocation of vast resources to the retention and modernization
of nuclear weapons seems to be at odds with the international aspirations to
economic and social development. In 2010, global military spending exceeded US$
1.6 trillion. That comes to nearly US$ 4.6 billion a day, which is itself
almost double the United Nations' annual regular budget. In contrast, Official
Development Assistance (ODA) amounted to only US$ 128 billion in that same
year. It is estimated that half of the amount annually invested in nuclear
arsenals would be enough to achieve all internationally agreed development
goals, including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), by 2015.
In this context, we commend the UN
Secretary-General, Mr. Ban Ki-moon, for his apt remarks on the fact that
"the world is over-armed and peace is under-funded".
Brazil has a staunch and longstanding
commitment to nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation. It was one of the
original proponents of the Tlatelolco Treaty, the first legal instrument to
establish a zone free from nuclear weapons in a densely populated area. Brazil
also incorporated in its 1988 Federal Constitution a clause that prohibits the
development of nuclear energy for non-peaceful purposes. Brazil implements an
innovative safeguards agreement with Argentina, the International Atomic Energy
Agency (IAEA), and the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of
Nuclear Materials (ABACC), apart from having signed and ratified the
Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). Brazil was also one of the first countries to
sign and ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), which is
another core element of the international disarmament and non-proliferation
regime. We stand ready to contribute to further efforts at the international
level in order to achieve universal, transparent and irreversible disarmament.
Today, as the Government and people of
Brazil pay homage to the victims of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings, we
call upon the international community, in particular the nuclear-weapon States
(NWS), to show political resolve and intensify their efforts towards the
complete elimination of nuclear weapons.
President of the Federative Republic of
Message of Mr.
The Arab Republic
July 28, 2013
of the World Conference against A & H Bombs,
The 68th anniversary of the
nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki is a stark reminder of the need to
achieve a world free of nuclear weapons.
On this occasion, I wish to reiterate Egypt’s support for the people of
Japan, the only country to have suffered from the use of nuclear weapons.
The threat posed to international
peace and security, and to humanity, by the continued existence of nuclear
weapons is well-known. Their total elimination is the only guarantee against
their use or threat of use. In this vein, Egypt and Japan agree that
Nuclear-weapons States must promptly and fully implement their obligations
under Article VI of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
Achieving the universality of the
NPT is also key. As long as some states
possess nuclear weapons, others may also feel tempted to acquire them.
Central to our objectives is the
establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East. The 2010 NPT Review Conference adopted an
action plan on the Middle East that stipulated, inter alia, the importance of a
process leading to the full implementation of the 1995 Resolution on the Middle
East. Japan’s efforts in realizing this
goal are paramount.
In the days ahead, I intend to
cooperate with my Japanese counterpart, as well as other colleagues around the
world, to generate much needed momentum for regional and global nuclear
disarmament. Your support is vital in
preventing the recurrence of the human suffering experienced by the great
people of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on the 6th and 9th of August 1945.
PRESIDENT OF THE
REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
01/08/2013 Astana, Akorda
To participants of
the 2013 World Conference against A and H Bombs
I send warm greetings to participants of the World
Conference against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs and sincerely support your efforts
aimed at a total ban of nuclear weapons.
Kazakhstan, as well as Japan, suffered the most from
nuclear weapons. August 29, 2013, will mark the 64th anniversary of the first
Soviet nuclear test at the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site. During the four
decades, almost 500 nuclear tests were carried out at Kazakh land. As a result,
the nuclear tests in Kazakhstan affected more than a million and a half people.
They contaminated vast regions of the country that exceeded in size the
territory of several European countries.
More than 20 years ago, the people of Kazakhstan made
a fundamental choice in favor of a nuclear weapon-free world. On August 29,
1991, I signed a decree to permanently shut down the Semipalatinsk nuclear test
For the people of Kazakhstan the closing of nuclear
test site became a historic act of strong will and wisdom, as well as
confidence in the future. We have demonstrated by our own example the path to a
From the beginning of independence our position was
very clear: Kazakhstan should become a nuclear weapon-free country.
Therefore, we have voluntarily renounced the world’s fourth
largest nuclear and missile arsenal, which included more than 1,000 warheads.
In cooperation with the U.S. and Russia, we carried out titanic work on
elimination of nuclear weapons infrastructure, adopted a package of
special-purpose programs for the rehabilitation of the Semipalatinsk region.
Today, the former nuclear test site becomes a “territory of peace.”
In 2006, historic treaty establishing the Central
Asian nuclear weapons-free zone was signed exactly in Semipalatinsk.
Thus, since 2009, August 29, the anniversary of the
closure of the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site, has been declared by the United
Nations General Assembly as the International Day against Nuclear Tests.
Kazakhstan’s example becomes especially timely and
needed today when the world is facing further proliferation of weapons of mass
destruction, while the threat of their use by international terrorist
organizations is also growing.
I believe the time has come for decisive actions to
reverse the deadly weapons race and free the world from the nuclear “sword of
Damocles” hanging over all of us.
That is why I
proposed to adopt in the framework of the UN a Universal Declaration of a
Nuclear-Weapon-Free world that would enshrine the commitment of all states
towards a stepwise nuclear weapon-free world.
In August 2012, I announced the launch of the
international project – The Project ATOM, designed to strengthen global support
to definitive and irrevocable ban of nuclear weapons tests and its total
Only by joining efforts, will we be able to make our
world safer and better.
I wish you all
productive work and further successes in your noble activities!
President of the
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Congratulatory Message addressing
The 2013 World Conference against Atomic and Hydrogen
On behalf of the Government and the Lao people, I
would like to convey my heartfelt congratulations to the organizing committee
and to the delegations of the 2013 World Conference against Atomic and Hydrogen
Bombs, which will be held in Hiroshima and Nagasaki of Japan, on 3-9 August
2013, to commemorate the tragic history of heart-rending grief and suffering
endured by the Japanese people, especially the people of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
cities, who have been victims of this tragedy.
As we are aware that, now the
world situation has undergone rapid and complex changes, especially the
competition of arms modernization, production and stockpile of weapons of mass
destruction of some countries in the world that poses a threat to peace,
stability, and security of the world, which would only cause the disaster for
life and property to the innocent people.
In this connection, the Government
of the Lao People's Democratic Republic has always condemned the use of weapons
of mass destruction and consistently reaffirms its position to cooperate with
the world community in preserving and protecting of lasting peace in the world.
I do believe that the mobilization
of solidarity and joint efforts of the peace and justice loving peoples against
Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs would contribute to the long-lasting peace in our
Once again, on behalf of the
Government and the Lao people, I wish the World Conference against Atomic and
Hydrogen Bombs with great success, and wishing the organizing committee and the
delegations to this Conference good health, success in your noble task.
Vientiane, 29 June, 2013
Enrique Peña Niet
President of the
United Mexican States
July 22, 2013
Mr. Hiroshi Taka
against Atomic & Hydrogen Bombs
I would like to confirm my government’s commitment to
the elimination of nuclear weapons.
My country will continue to
promote total abolition of nuclear weapons under the principle of verification, irreversibility and
transparency. In this regard, I am
pleased to inform you that Mexico will host the Conference on the Humanitarian
Consequences of Nuclear Weapons on 13th and 14th of February, 2014.
I recognize the outstanding effort
of the organization you co-preside. I
wish the biggest success for the participants of the World Conference and I
avail myself of this opportunity to give you the assurances of my highest
of Foreign Affairs FDFA
Berne, 8 July 2013
2013 World Conference against Atomic and Hydrogen
Dear Mr. Co-Chair,
On behalf of H.E. Mr. Ueli Maurer,
the President of the Swiss Confederation, I wish to thank you for your letter
of 7 June 2013 regarding the 2013 World Conference against Atomic and Hydrogen
In Hiroshima and Nagasaki,
humanity has been witnessing the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of the
use of nuclear weapons. This historic
evidence clearly demonstrates that effects of nuclear weapons are
uncontrollable in space and time, and have both devastating immediate and
This is why Switzerland is
undertaking several efforts aimed at devaluing and stigmatizing nuclear weapons
– the only WMD currently not banned -, and to advance the view that they are
not desirable instruments in the 21st century but dangerous relicts of the past
with highly questionable military utility.
We have already achieved a
significant milestone: In the past few months, it has been possible to shift
the disarmament debate away from a stability- and security-centered discourse
to one that highlights these catastrophic humanitarian consequences of anyh use
of nuclear weapons. I will now be
crucial to channel the new energy in the nuclear disarmament debate and move
forward in the decisive manner.
The grassroots activities of
organizations such as yours are extremely important in this endeavor. We would also like to pay tribute to the
important work by the Hibakusha to educate in particular the young generation
about the horrors of the use of nuclear weapons.
Thank you also for inviting us to
attend your Conference. Unfortunately,
at the specific dates participation is possible neither from the capital nor
from our Embassy in Tokyo. Nevertheless,
we wish you a successful event and interesting discussion. Personally, I am also looking forward to the
next opportunity to meet again, for instance at the NPT PrepCom in New York, so
we can continue to exchange views.
Head of Division
and Ambassador for Nuclear Disarmament and Non-proliferation
CONGRATULATORY MESSAGE TO THE 2013 WORLD CONFERENCE
AGAINST A & H BOMBS
On behalf of the
Vietnam Peace Committee and Vietnamese people, allow me to extend my warmest
greetings and best wishes to all Japanese and international participants in the
World Conference Against A & H Bombs 2013.
I would like to
express my heartfelt sympathy with the people of Japan, the only country in the
world having been attacked by nuclear bombs, especially with the victims of the
atomic bombings in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. On this occasion, I would also like to extend
feelings of solidarity to victims of the Chernobyl disaster in 1986 and the
Fukushima nuclear disaster in 2011, as well as victims of all nuclear tests, of
nuclear weapons and other kinds of weapons of mass destruction in different
parts of the world over the past decades.
I highly appreciate
the support of peace movements from all over the world to millions of nuclear
victims, Agent Orange victims, and victims of unjust wars; and I hope that the
severe consequences of wars will be overcome with our concerted efforts.
I am strongly confident
that this conference will provide an opportunity for peace movements in the
world to strengthen international solidarity and join hands to work towards the
abolition of nuclear weapons.
conference mark a great success and a new progress towards the goal of a
“Nuclear-weapon free, Peaceful and Just World”.
Uong Chu Luu
National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
President, Vietnam Peace Committee